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Top African Agricultural Commodities


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Agricultural commodities are animals and staple crops manufactured or raised on plantations or farms. Most agricultural commodities such as grains, livestock, and dairy products provide a source of food for animals and people across the globe. The African continent’s manufacturers, exporters, and importers rely on several key commodities, including agriculture. Agriculture is one of the top commodities in Africa.


Main Uses of Agricultural Commodities

The main use of African Agricultural Commodities is in industries and food. However, some African Agricultural Commodities have purely been based on industrial applications. The Agricultural Commodities manufacturers in several regions use latex from the rubber tree, while the furniture and building African industries use lumber from trees. Wool obtained from sheep make available the best fabric for the clothing industry and lanolin for hair-care and skin products. Some of the African agricultural commodities assist as both a source of industrial and food ingredient production. Animals and humans both consume corn, but the commodity is also a significant factor in fuel production. In the same way, humans eat the beef of cows, while different industries utilize beef hide, fats, and bones to create products that also prove to be highly productive yields.


Contribution of South Africa

South Africa is one of the most advanced and diverse growing economies in Africa. It is an attractive business destination for Top African Agricultural Commodities due to its growing market and friendly business environment. South Africa is the 36th (2019) prime export country of commodities in the world.



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 A regional Agriculture Commodity Exchange of the highest reliability, accessible to all people, and receives international trades, established upon an open free market system for the mutual assistance of producers and consumers.


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Africa has a market concerned with an agricultural economy that is highly expanded and includes the growing or production of all the major grains (except rice), particularly;


  • Oilseeds
  • Sugar 
  • Citrus 
  • Wine 
  • Most Vegetables 
  • Deciduous And Subtropical Fruits 


Livestock and farming production Commodities of Africa is also well-known that mostly includes 

  • Cattle 
  • Dairy
  • Hogs
  • Sheep
  • Egg Industry
  • A Well-Developed Poultry 


Other Top African Agricultural Commodities that added Value accomplishments in the Commodities sector include 

  • Slaughtering
  • Dairy Products
  • Grain Mill Products
  • Crushing Of Oilseeds
  • Prepared Animal Feeds
  • Processing And Preserving Of Meat
  • Sugar Refining And Cocoa, Chocolate
  • Preserving And Processing Of Vegetables And Fruit
  • Sugar Confectionery Amongst Other Food Products 


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According to the FY2020 report, The African agricultural Commodities sector contributed around 10 percent to South Africa’s total export earnings at a value of $10.2 billion. At that time, table grapes, corn, citrus, wine, and apples accounted for the chief exports by value. Several other products are also exported but in a minimum range, such as sugar, mohair, wool, nuts, and pears, to name just a few products.


Most Profitable Top African Agricultural Commodities

Here is a list of the Most Profitable Top African Agricultural Commodities according to appraisal level. 


  • Agricultural Farm Or Farming 
  • Poultry Farming
  • 10 Most Profitable Livestock Farming Business 
  • Organic Farm Green House
  • Fertilizer Distribution Business
  • Vermicompost Organic Fertilizer Production
  • Dried Flower Business
  • Mushroom Farming Business


Which country is best in agriculture commodities in Africa?

Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Tunisia, Egypt, Sudan, South Africa are the top source of agricultural commodities in livestock and organic farming.


Liberia is one of the top African agriculture commodities countries whose economy rose due to their investment in the agricultural commodity sector. Almost 80% of the West African agriculture commodity countries’ GDP is tremendously contributed by South Africa and Liberia, making it the premier agriculture production worldwide. About 68% of Liberia’s occupation is contributed by agriculture.


The significant property of ranking in agriculture farming is organic farming that produces a high yield. Organic farmers use either animal or plant-based fertilizers in their farming practices. Models of these fertilizers include coffee husks, cow-dung, in addition to manure.


Top 10 Agricultural Commodities

According to 2019 survey statistics in ERS’s Farm Wealth and Income Statistics:

The ten largest sources of top African agriculture commodities are from the sale of U.S.-produced farm commodities. These are recorded below in descending order: 

  1. Cattle/Calves
  2. Corn
  3. Dairy Products/Milk
  4. Soybeans
  5. Broilers
  6. Miscellaneous Crops
  7. Hogs
  8. Wheat
  9. Chicken Eggs
  10. Hay

The Largest Crop in Africa

Under the present circumstances in African agriculture commodities, the most widespread area of land (455 million hectares) is appropriate to the cultivation of cassava, followed by sweet potato (406 million hectares), maize (418 million hectares), soybean (371 million hectares), and sorghum (354 million hectares).


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