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Everything about Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine

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Vitamin B6: The Essential Nutrient

Attribute Description
Name Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine)
Chemical Formula C8H11NO3
Molecular Weight 169.18 g/mol
Solubility Water-soluble
Dietary Sources Fish, poultry, meat, bananas, avocados, nuts, legumes, whole grains
Functions Essential for protein metabolism, neurotransmitter synthesis, and immune function
Coenzymatic Form Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)
Deficiency Symptoms Weakness, irritability, depression, anemia
Recommended Intake Adults: 1.3-1.7 mg/day
Toxicity Excessive supplementation can lead to nerve damage
Special Considerations Vitamin B6 needs increase during pregnancy and with certain medications

Introduction

Vitamins are essential nutrients that our body needs to function properly. One such vitamin is Vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine. It is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions. In this blog, we will discuss everything you need to know about Vitamin B6.

What is Vitamin B6?

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin that is essential for the proper functioning of our body. It is a part of the Vitamin B complex group and is also known as pyridoxine. Vitamin B6 is involved in various bodily functions, including metabolism, immune system, and nervous system.

Types of Vitamin B6

There are three types of Vitamin B6 - pyridoxine, pyridoxal, and pyridoxamine. All three types are converted into the active form of Vitamin B6, which is pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP). PLP is the coenzyme form of Vitamin B6 and is involved in various enzymatic reactions in the body.

Functions of Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 has several functions in the body. Some of the major functions are:

  • Metabolism of macronutrients
  • Synthesis of neurotransmitters
  • Formation of red blood cells
  • Maintenance of the immune system
  • Regulation of hormonal activity

Sources of Vitamin B6

Food Vitamin B6 Content per 100g
Chickpeas 1.1 mg
Tuna 1.0 mg
Chicken (Breast) 0.9 mg
Salmon 0.9 mg
Turkey (Breast) 0.8 mg
Beef (Lean) 0.5-0.7 mg
Potatoes 0.4 mg
Avocado 0.3-0.4 mg
Bananas 0.4 mg
Spinach 0.2-0.3 mg
Sunflower Seeds 0.3 mg
Pistachios 0.3 mg
Hazelnuts 0.2 mg
Brown Rice 0.2 mg
Lentils 0.2 mg
Oats 0.2 mg
Carrots 0.1 mg

Vitamin B6 is found in various food sources. Some of the best sources of Vitamin B6 are:

  • Poultry
  • Fish
  • Meat
  • Whole grains
  • Legumes
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Fruits and vegetables

Recommended Daily Intake of Vitamin B6

The recommended daily intake of Vitamin B6 varies depending on age and gender. The following table shows the recommended daily intake of Vitamin B6:

Age Male Female
0-6 months 0.1 mg 0.1 mg
7-12 months 0.3 mg 0.3 mg
1-3 years 0.5 mg 0.5 mg
4-8 years 0.6 mg 0.6 mg
9-13 years 1.0 mg 1.0 mg
14-18 years 1.3 mg 1.2 mg
19-50 years 1.3 mg 1.3 mg
51+ years 1.7 mg 1.5 mg

Deficiency of Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 deficiency is rare in developed countries, but it can occur in people with certain medical conditions or those who follow a restrictive diet. The symptoms of Vitamin B6 deficiency include:

  • Anemia
  • Dermatitis
  • Depression
  • Confusion
  • Convulsions

Benefits of Vitamin B6

Vitamin B6 has several health benefits. Some of the major benefits are:

  • Reduces the risk of heart disease
  • Improves mood and reduces symptoms of depression
  • Relieves symptoms of PMS
  • Reduces nausea during pregnancy
  • Improves brain function

Side Effects of Vitamin B6

Consuming high doses of Vitamin B6 can lead to toxicity. The symptoms of Vitamin B6 toxicity include:

  • Nerve damage
  • Skin lesions
  • Photosensitivity
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms

Conclusion

Vitamin B6 is an essential nutrient that plays a crucial role in various bodily functions. It is found in various food sources, and the recommended daily intake varies depending on age and gender. Vitamin B6 deficiency is rare, but it can occur in people with certain medical conditions or those who follow a restrictive diet. Vitamin B6 has several health benefits, but consuming high doses can lead to toxicity.


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