Moth beans (Vigna aconitifolia) is a type of legume, which is cultivated in arid and semi-arid regions of India. It is also commonly known as matki, dew bean, Turkish gram or mat bean. The crop is drought resistant, which helps prevent the soil against erosion. It is planted as a cover crop and forages in Indian and Pakistan regions. It is also cultivated in some parts of Thailand, Australia, and the United States. The crop can be planted in all kinds of soil but preferably the sandy soil.
Generally, in India, legumes are consumed by either cooking them or frying them to be consumed as crunchy snacks. However, moth beans can be finely ground into flour and used in the preparation of Idli and dosa-- South Indian cuisines. Moth beans are rich in minerals, vitamins, and protein. Alone, moth beans can be a perfect diet with its high level of protein and calcium present. It is a good source of protein to vegetarians who cannot access protein from dairy products.
Specific Health Benefits of Moth Beans
The high protein level contained in moth beans is essential in the development and repair of muscles in the body. The calcium and phosphorus which are minerals also present in moth beans helps maintain stronger bones and lowers the chances of osteoporosis. They are rich in vitamin B, which helps converts food into energy fuel for the body. The zinc level present in moth beans acts as an antioxidant which helps to lower stress impacts in the body. Moth bean is a great agent in the control of easy bowel movement as well as prevention of constipation as a result of the fiber present. Consumption of this beans helps destroy toxins trapped in the gut. The high level of fiber aids to lower chances of high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Protein has a slow digestion rate, which helps boost the metabolic rate in the body. The protein contained in this beans helps in burning down calories within a given time and also, help in the development of muscle mass. This activity is essential for weight loss. Regular eating helps boost the body’s immune system. The nutrients and minerals present in moth beans is a good remedy for fighting off viruses, disease-causing bacteria, and fungi. Its zinc component helps the body develop a stronger immune system.
Traditionally, the natives of India and Pakistan consume moth beans because it is said to be a remedy to fever and other related ailments. It lowers stress levels and chances of heart disease in the body. It also aids the growth and development of the body. Raw moth beans contain a whole lot of vitamins, minerals, and other nutritional components. They include calories, carbohydrates, fat, protein, thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, folates, choline, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc. Almost every minerals and vitamin required for the body is present in moth beans; thereby, making it the perfect dish. Soaking moth beans before cooking makes protein easier to digest and aids in breaking down anti-nutritional factors in the body.